Real Authentic Madras plaid comes from Chennai (a city in India, earlier known as Madras); both sides of the cloth have the same pattern.
About Madras Plaid, it is said earlier it used to be handwoven (evidenced by the small flaws in the fabric) on a weaving machine called handloom.
Cotton madras is woven from a usually no so even, short-staple cotton fiber that is not of combed quality, only carded, resulting in bumps known as slubs which are thick spots in the yarn that give madras its unique texture. The cotton is hand-dyed after being spun into yarn, woven and finished in some 200 small villages in the Madras area.
These days madras plaids are made on looms operated by electricity called power loom. Due to better uniformity required and quality expectation for export purposes, these power loom made madras plaid can be divided in 2 categories.